Expedition Silk Road: Journey to the West. 2014. Amsterdam: Hermitage.

Hansen, Valerie. 2012. The Silk Road: A New History. New York: Oxford University Press.

Marshak, Boris. 2002. Legends, Tales, and Fables in the Art of Sogdiana. New York: Bibliotheca Persica Press.

Lerner, Judith. 2002. "The Merchant Empire of the Sogdians." In Monks and Merchants: Silk Road Treasures from Northern China, edited by A.L. Juliano and J.A. Lerner. 221-237. New York: Abrams.

Sims-Williams, Nicholas. 1996. “The Sogdian Merchants in China and India,” in Cina e Iran da Alessandro Magno alla dinastia Tang, Edited by A. Cadonna & L. Lanciotti, 45-67. Florence: Leo S. Olschki Editore.

Stark, Sören. 2014. “Luxurious Necessities: Some observations on foreign commodities and nomadic polities in 6th to 9th century Central Asia,” in Complexity of Interaction along the Eurasian Steppe Zone in the First Millennium AD, Edited by J. Bemmann and M. Schmauder, 463-502. Vor- und Frühgeschichtliche Archäologie, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn.

de la Vaissière, Étienne. 2005. Sogdian Traders: A History. Translated by James Ward. Leiden: Brill.

Xuanzang. 2003. Records of the Western Regions. Translated by Sameul Beal. Silk Road Seattle.